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Francis, or, as it is simply called, the Scapular of St.
Francis; it is brown, grey, or black in colour and has (at least generally) on one of the woollen segments the image of St.
Especially the analabus but also the scapular was often called simply crux (cross) on account of its shape, and symbolism introduced accordingly. Perhaps the smaller scapular for the night is here hinted at or foreshadowed.
It was thus natural to term the scapular jugum Christi (the yoke of Christ ); it was also called scutum (shield), as it was laid over the head, which it originally covered and protected with one portion (from which the hood afterwards developed). Perhaps even the small scapular of the confraternity (that for the laity ) may be suggested, since the reference is to persons coming from the world ( novices ) who should have this small scapular.
The members of these confraternities were called the confratres and consores of the respective orders; they had special rules and participated in the spiritual goods of the order to which then belonged.
Consequently, the four oldest small scapulars are likewise the badges of four confraternities, attached respectively to the Carmelites, Servites, Trinitarians and Mercederiansy.Small nighttime scapulars In the rules of the religious it is expressly prescribed under penalties that even at night the scapular must be worn, e.g. For night the Carmelites have now a special smaller scapular which, however, is still much larger than the so-called great scapular of the Third Order of St. 33 v.) it is appointed that each candidate of the order must bring with him his bed and in addition: "habeat etiam cum rauba sua parvum scapulare cum tunica ad jacendum" (cf. It is likewise prescribed in the Constitutions of the Servites of 1257 "quod nullus accedat sine scapulari et tunica dormitum". Benedict had declared in his Rule XXII: "Vestiti dormiant et cincti cingulis aut funibus", it was prescribed in the "Consuetudines sublacenses": "Vestiti autem dormiant id est ad minus in una tunica et scapulari et cincti ut sint parati surgere" (Albers, "Consuet. This scapular thus appears to have been a portion of the night clothing of monks.Francis; it measures about twenty inches in length and ten in width. To the first orders have been gradually added the second and third orders and the oblates, who receive the proper habit from the first orders.It was only later and gradually that the idea developed of giving to everyone connected with the order the real scapular of the order in miniature as their badge to be always worn day and night over or under their ordinary clothing.It was now that these confraternities developed into scapular confraternities in the modern sense.